SMART LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS, 2019
Learning basic concepts before complex ones is a natural form of learning. Automated systems and instructional designers evaluate and order concepts’ complexity to successfully generate and recommend or adapt learning paths. This paper addresses the specific challenge of accurately and adequately identifying concept prerequisites using semantic web technologies for a basic understanding of a particular concept within the context of learning: given a target concept c, the goals are to (a) find candidate concepts that serve as possible prerequisite for c; and, (b) evaluate the prerequisite relation between the target and candidates concepts via a supervised learning model. Our four step approach consists of (i) an exploration of Knowledge Graphs in order to identify possible candidate concepts; (ii) the creation of a set of potential concepts; (iii) deployment of supervised learning model to evaluate a proposed list of prerequisite relationships regarding the target set; and, (iv) validation of our approaching using a ground truth of 80 concepts from different domains (with a precision varying between 76% and 96%).